Periodontal disease—or gum disease—is a serious condition that can cost you your teeth and even cause heart problems, pregnancy complications, and high blood glucose levels in people with diabetes. One of the most important things you can do to reduce your risk of periodontal disease is to have regular appointments with your dentist, so that he or she can diagnose and treat the disease in its early stages. Taking other simple prevention steps can also help to protect your smile for life.
What treatment options are available for periodontal disease?
The treatment your dentist recommends for periodontal disease depends on how advanced the condition is. If it is diagnosed in its earliest stages, simply making changes to your oral hygiene routine may be all that is required. Brushing and flossing, combined with professional dental cleanings, could reverse the infection and make your gums healthy again.
In more advanced cases, a special kind of deep cleaning treatment called scaling and root planing can help. During scaling and root planing, your dentist will remove plaque and tartar that has built up under the gum line. You may receive local anesthetic for your comfort. Surgery to reduce the pockets between your teeth and gums, so that bacteria cannot enter, gum grafting surgery, and bone grafts may be necessary for advanced periodontal disease.
How can I prevent periodontal disease?
Periodontal disease occurs when plaque and bacteria build up on your teeth and gums, so brushing and flossing twice per day is essential to preventing gum disease. Your dentist may also recommend a rinse or other treatment to reduce bacteria levels. Seeing your dentist at least twice per year, or more often if recommended by your dentist, for professional cleanings will also protect your gums from infection.
For state-of-the-art dental care in Tucson, choose Manela Dental. We offer comprehensive dental care for the entire family using the very latest tools and techniques. To make an appointment, call (520) 744-2039.